Industries are also responsible for soil, water, and air pollution. Wastes from the industries are generally thrown in soil or water bodies and that cause soil and water pollution. Industries also emit dangerous chemicals in the form of gas. Our ecosystem is in real trouble due to this environmental pollution. We should consider it as an important task to stop environmental pollution to leave the globe safe for our successors. Image credit:- Google Image. The contamination or spoliation of the natural environment is known as pollution.
It disturbs the natural process of the environment. Environmental pollution also causes harm to our environment by disturbing the natural balance. There are different types of environmental pollution such as air pollution, water pollution, land pollution, noise pollution etc. There are different causes of environmental pollution.
Among them , waste materials of different industries, ejaculation of poisonous gases, deforestation, smoke emitted by vehicles or factories are the major factors that cause environmental pollution. In modern world environmental pollution has become a serious issue for the whole world.
Due to environmental pollution , the temperature of the earth is increasing day by day. The air of the earth is no longer remaining fresh and sweet. People are suffering from many diseases in every corner of the world. Again in the metropolitan cities increasing numbers of vehicles not only causes air pollution but also disturbs our ears by causing noise pollution. In this century everyone is racing for industrialization or development.
But this type of blind races may destroy the greenery in our environment. On the other hand water pollution is another type of environmental pollution. In our country in most of the areas river water is the only source of drinking water. But almost every river in India is in the grip of pollution due to the negligence of people. Menu Menu. Date published: Aug 17 Maria Haesen Posted in: Blog Natural Resources Education Tags: essay about environment essay on environment Introduction An environment is the natural world that surrounds us.
Main body People are considered to be the most intelligent creatures on Earth who are able to learn new things in the universe which can lead them to the technological advancement. Conclusion The remarkable growth of technological progress has negative impact on the ecological state of our planet. Place an order right now and get VIP customer service for free! Time left: 00 10 Please input your first name. Please input a valid phone number. The format of the e-mail address is incorrect.
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Air pollution is one of the most dangerous and common kind of environmental pollution that is reported in most industrial towns and metropolitan cities of our country and abroad such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Kanpur, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bhopal, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, Nagpur, Firozabad, Agra and also in London, New York, Tokyo, Pittsburg, etc. A man breathes about 22, times a day inhaling about 16 kg of air. Air pollutants may occur in gaseous or particulate form and may be organic or inorganic in nature.
On the basis of origin of pollutants they can be classified as primary or secondary pollutants. These are emitted directly from the point source identifiable source e. These are formed by interaction of primary pollutant s with other primary pollutant s or with some natural constituents of atmosphere, e. However, during all these processes the wastes and undesirable substances are continuously added to the water sources. Realizing the importance, the Government has now started several projects to clean the waters of these rivers in phases to make them free from pollutants.
The term water pollution, therefore, refers to any type of aquatic contamination which affects the living organisms. Land and soil are very essential like air and water, either directly or indirectly for the survival and maintenance of living organisms including man. Soil supports vegetation on which every living animal depends.
However, like air and water soil may also get polluted. There are many natural and synthetic materials that can adversely affect the physical, chemical and biological properties of soil and seriously affect its productivity. Therefore, any substance that reduces the productivity of soil is called soil pollutant and such soil is referred to as polluted.
Soil gets polluted either directly by dumping and disposal of solid wastes or indirectly by air pollution. The major soil pollutants are different types of biocides used in agricultural practices fertilizers, industrial wastes such as chemicals, flyash and cinders which are residues of combustion of solid fuels, garbage, discarded food, paper, plastics, rubbers, cloth leather asphalt tin iron, lead, copper, building materials, dead animals like cattle, dogs, cats, birds, and discarded goods like refrigerators and autos, etc.
Huge quantity of unwanted materials causes serious disposal problems. From these, the organic wastes decompose and befoul the air; others do not decompose, hence, cause a problem for their disposal.
Environmental Pollution Essay - Words | Cram
Biocides such as pesticides, insecticides, larvaecides, herbicides reduce the population of undesired species as also of the desired microorganisms in the soil. Therefore, their uncontrolled use affects the structure and fertility of the soil. Several pesticides or their residues are absorbed by the plants that affect the entire food chains and food webs. The excretory products of humans and livestock, and digested sewage sludge used as manure pollute the soil.
In underdeveloped and developing countries the poor sanitary condition aggravates soil pollution. Several disease germs contained in such wastes contaminate the soil and vegetables causing severe health hazards for human beings and domestic animals. Salination of soil also affects its productivity and degrades the quality of land. Intensive farming with poor drainage also results in salination of the soil.
An estimate suggests that there are nearly six million hectares of saline land in our country. In Punjab alone nearly hectares of farm land are becoming saline and unfit for agriculture. About one-sixth of the arid and semi-arid lands of the world have high salinity. It is expressed as a dimensionless unit, decibel dB.
go site Decibel scale is a measure of loudness. Noise can affect human ear because of its loudness and frequency pitch. The main constituents are sulphur di-oxide, oxides of Nitrogen, dust, acid vapours and carbon di-oxide. The main pollutants emitted are fly ash, sulphure dioxide, hydrocarbons Benzene, benzpyrene, and methane and other gases. Thick veil of smog observed in cities now-a-days are formed by photo-oxidation of oxides of nitrogen and hydrocarbons in the presence of ultra violet light from the sun. Use of non-conventional sources of energy which are completely non-polluting like- Solar energy, Wind energy, Sea wave energy etc.
Clay and silt from soil erosion, leaching of minerals, falling of organic matter from the banks constitute natural sources of water pollution.
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Domestic waste, sewage, soaps and detergents, run-off from agricultural fields having fertilisers and pesticides, industrial wastes, wastes from animal sheds and slaughter houses, oil spills, etc. Due to all these human activities and pollutants generated by them all types of water-bodies are becoming polluted. It refers to pollutants, which enters the water-body from a discrete or single which enters source.
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